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Bangladesh – The causes and impacts of the 1998 Flood


Is there anyone to give right answer of these aassesment? I think You will be able to get the progress of Bangladesh in Flood controls and management shortly.

To decide the success and failure of Management of Bangladesh in cope up with Floods, lets take a look briefly summary in two particular year:

The Effects of the 1998 Floods

  1. Over 57% of the land area was flooded
  2. Over 1300 people were killed
  3. 7 million homes were destroyed
  4. 25 million people were made homeless
  5. There was a serious shortage of drinking water & dry food
  6. Diseases spread such as bronchitis and cholera/diarrhoea
  7. As the waters receded – it left fields of rotting crops, wrecked roads and bridges and destroyed villages
  8. 2 million tonnes of rice was destroyed
  9. 1/2 million cattle and poultry were lost
  10. Overall the floods cost the country almost $1 billion

The Effects of floods at present

3.7 million People affected

130,965 persons Targeted

US$ 13,620,052 REQUIRED


2016 Monsoon season started on July 22nd. The impact of the monsoon increased gradually over the following weeks. Considering the severe deterioration of the situation, an inter-cluster meeting was organized on August 1st as well as an ad-hoc Humanitarian Coordination Task Team (HCTT) on August 4th that decided to trigger a Rapid Needs Assessment. The Needs Assessment Working Group (NAWG) analyzed the situation and reported their findings to the Department of Disaster Management (DDM) of the Ministry of Disaster Management and Relief (MoDMR) on August 7th. Based on these findings, the clusters/sectors revised their draft response plan and the HCTT Humanitarian Response Plan was presented to the HCTT on August 11th. 3.7 million people across 19 districts of Bangladesh are affected by monsoon-induced floods. 106 people died to date as a consequence of the floods. It includes 96 from drowning and 10 from snake-bite. 7,400 people sought refuge in 69 flood shelters. The official estimates indicate at least 250,000 houses have been destroyed or damaged (Shelter Cluster based on NDRCC reporting, 03.08.16). Riverbank erosion has resulted in a large number of houses and homesteads being washed away.

On August 7th, 16,770 houses/homesteads were reported completely lost with a further 65,156 partially damaged by erosion. The districts which have experienced the greatest impact of the floods are: Jamalpur, Kurigram, Sirajgonj, Tangail, Gaibanda. Together, these 5 districts account for more than 70% of the affected people. All of these districts were also among the worst affected by the flooding in September 2014 affecting around 2 million people in north-western Bangladesh (JNA, 08.09.14). The Rapid Needs Assessment indicated that immediate needs of the population in affected areas are emergency food, drinking water and sanitation. However all sectors are affected and a coordinated multi-cluster/sector response is required.


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