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Wildlife Protection Act-2012


Parliament has passed the Wildlife (Protection) Act-2012, mandating 12 years of imprisonment for killing a tiger or an elephant.

Junior Minister for land Mostafizur Rahman on behalf of the Environment Minister raised the bill in which 1,307 species of plants and animals have been brought under protection.

The bill was raised in parliament on Aug 23 last year.

“Wildlife is crucial in keeping the environment in balance. For lack of proper protection, many species have become extinct and many others are on the verge of extinction,” Environment Minister Hasan Mahmud said explaining the purpose of the bill.

“Rhinoceros, wild buffalo, Nilgai, swamp deer, wild goat and many other species have already become extinct. We have identified eight species of amphibians, 58 species of reptiles, 41 species of birds and 40 species of mammals as endangered in accordance with the IUCN Red Data Book (2000),” Hasan said.

“Anyone purchasing wild animals, parts of wild animals, trophies, meat or other products without licence will be sentenced to three years of jail and Tk 200,000 fine or both.”

Anyone killing a tiger or an elephant would face two to seven years of jail and Tk 100,000 to Tk 1 million fine or both. Repeat offenders would be jailed for 12 years and fined Tk 1.5 million, specifies the act.

Anyone killing cheetahs, clouded cheetahs, gibbons, sambar deer, crocodiles, gavials, whales or dolphins would be sentenced to five years of jail and Tk 200,000 fine.

Killing wild birds or migratory birds will result in two years of jail and Tk 200,000 fine.

Under the act, any state-owned forest land, land or water-body can be turned into an eco-park, safari park, botanical garden or breeding grounds. Such land can also be declared reserve land by gazettes. Farming, woodcutting, burning and construction will be prohibited on forest reserves and violators can be jailed for up to two years.

The act identifies 32 species of amphibian, 154 species of reptile, 113 species of mammal, 52 species of fish, 32 species of coral, 137 species of mollusk, 22 species of crustacean, 24 species of insect, six species of rodent, 41 species of plant and 13 species of orchid.

Source: bdnews24.com/sum/sh/nir/2158h (accessed on: 21.7.2012)



  1. Umme Husnuin says:

    only the bill have passed but actually nothing happen to save this animals.I think public awareness is most important to protect them.

  2. Nishat Falgunee says:

    Sadly, yes…passing a law is not sufficient, implementation is most the most important task.

  3. Tasnuba Jerin says:

    Though the Wildlife Protection Act-2012 has been formulated for the conservation and safety of wildlife, it appears to have been enacted only to manage the protected areas. The act also did not ensure the forest people’s rights regarding professions, traditions and livelihoods even though it covers those in the case of fishermen. The law is very soft for the criminals and punishment is not enough.

  4. Nishat Falgunee says:

    I don’t think the law is only for the protected areas. It only says that the govt. has the right to convert any state-owned land into protected areas. It mainly targets the people who are killing animals for profit, that’s why the fine on buying animals and birds and their body parts, not the forest people. The punishment seems to be enough. But the issue is, will the real criminals be punished? Coz we know, in our country the the protectors are the real offenders.

  5. Apex says:

    people are not concerned about this matter.they don’t follow the rules and regulation which is imposed by government.Sometimes it is noticeable that many poor people sell different kinds of bird in public place.But police don’t take them under trail.Further,Birds are brought by our educated people to make happy their child…So is it possible to stop this heinous crime? and how can we define the main culprit?